MUCKLESHOOT INDIAN TRIBE
39015 172nd Avenue SE
Auburn, Washington 98092
Virginia Cross, Chairman, 2017-2020
The constitution of the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe was adopted in 1936 and established a democratic government led by a tribal council. Legislative and executive authority are vested in the Muckleshoot Indian tribal council which comprises nine members who serve three-year terms. A chairman and vice-chairman are chosen from the members of the governing body while a secretary and treasurer are chosen from either within or without the tribal council. The tribal council has full authority over the sale, lease, and dispensation of tribal land, manages all economic and business affairs of the tribe, and regulates the domestic affairs of the tribe. Judicial authority is vested in a tribal court which comprises a chief judge and an associate judge.
Congressional House Representation:
Kim Schrier, Democrat, District 8, 2018-2020
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTThe Muckleshoot Indian Tribe owns businesses in entertainment, gaming, travel and leisure, tobacco, and horse racing. The tribe also has interests in local fisheries through Muckleshoot Seafood products and generates funds through local hunting.
Emerald Downs is a thoroughbred horse racing park located in the shadow of Mount Ranier. The total daily handle for 2015 was over $1.2 million dollars; the park is the location for the Longacres Mile which boasts a $200,000 purse.
Phone: (253) 288-7000
White River Amphitheatre is an outdoor entertainment venue in Auburn, Washington with a total capacity of 20,000 people. The venue hosts top performing artists with past events including Tim McGraw, Drake, Steely Dan, and Van Halen.
Phone: (360) 825-6200
Salish Lodge is a luxury lodge that overlooks the Snoqualmie Falls, a 270-foot waterfall. The lodge has 84 rooms, two restaurants, a spa, business space, access to a top-rated golf course, and numerous options for outdoor adventures or venturing to nearby Seattle.
Phone: (425) 888-2556
The Muckleshoot Indian Tribe comprises coast Salish Indians who originate from the Pacific Northwest and Canada. The Muckleshoot language is a dialect of Puget Salish and related to other languages of the eastern Puget Sound. The Muckleshoot Indians were skilled hunters but fishing dominated their tribal economy and culture. Salmon fishing was central to the tribe for food and trade, but also culturally significant with the celebration of the First Salmon Ceremony which is still held annually. The ceremony, along with other tribal heritage celebrations, was disrupted with the large influx of white settlers who claimed tribal land for themselves. To resist colonization of their territory, the Muckleshoot allied with neighboring tribes in the Puget Sound War (1855-1856). Following their defeat, the Muckleshoot reservation was established by a treaty with the United States. However, by the beginning of the twentieth century, policies of the United States had nearly eliminated the reservation and tribal allotments; by the mid-twentieth century, the Muckleshoot, Puyallup, and Nisqually steadfastly tribes resisted subsequent limitations on hunting and fishing rights. In 1974, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the Indian tribes’ rights to the fish and game of Washington State. The reaffirmation of tribal fishing and hunting rights laid the foundation for the regeneration of tribal economic development.